See what you have to do after a hurricane warning has been announced

We have already approached the way to get properly ready for a hurricane and, in a more specific manner, how to assemble a survival kit. These articles can help you to face in a better way the moment when the hurricane hits. However, besides having everything together, it is required to do everything in the right time. If you knew that a hurricane was probably going to get you in 48 hours, would you be aware of what to do? Well, we are going to give good suggestions.

Hurricane Watch and Hurricane Warning 

First, let’s talk about the language that is used, and how the hurricane warnings operate. Hurricane Watch is a rating that is issued when the National Weather Service considers that a hurricane can hit the coast within a 48-hour period. This warning is always widely spread, as it is included in TV news, and there is a good chance that you will know about it pretty quickly. But if you want more safety, and get these updates on your email, you just need to sign up here.

Now the Hurricane Warning is issued when a hurricane is expected to hit a given area in within a 36-hour period. It is quite probable that you have already get the previous warning, particularly when you keep yourself updated all the time. In the meantime, this warning is important in order to carry out the last checkups.

Finally, you still have the Extreme Wind Warning. This one is issued when a hurricane is expected to exceed 115 mph, and it is given at least one hour before that happens. However, if that occurs, you will already be well-prepared thanks to the previous warning.

A hurricane is coming. What to do?

Well, this section is going to be divided into two parts. The first deals with the possibility of staying at home, while the second touches on the situation in which you live in an area that is going to be evacuated. However, for both, being already prepared is important. If there’s an evacuation going on, an evacuation plan should exist beforehand. If it’s possible to stay at home, have a plan to go through that moment in the best way possible.

The first thing to do is to protect your home. That should be carried out, regardless if you are to stay inside or to leave the area. If you have detachable hurricane shutters, put them already, because it will be impossible to do such thing once the winds start. If you use plywood, try to start even earlier. Besides that, pack any object which might turn into a flying one inside your garage, or inside your home, because that object can fly straight into your place.

After having properly protected your home, let’s go with the first option, in case you decide to stay inside. In that situation, define your property’s safest spot. Such spot should not have a lot of contact with the exterior. It should not have windows, nor external doors, preferably. Particularly if the hurricane ranks above Category 2 (see more about hurricanes and their categories here). Check your survival kit, which can be seen in minutiae here. And, lastly, keep yourself away from big doors and windows, especially during the hurricane’s hit.

Now, if you decide to go for the evacuation, you better have a plan for it already. Having defined places to stay, and the things which will you need, is a good starting point.
Very well, after a Hurricane Watch issue, check the news, and try to go to a shelter where the hurricane hit will be less severe. Having a map highlighting the potential routes to reach your destination is good.

Do not forget to have some money with you, because ATMs might be unreachable. And, if you have any, seek shelter for your pets.

On top of all this, it is good to have a checklist which includes everything that you will have to have and do in such eventuality. Things like turn off the power, gas and water are important. Having standby batteries and chargers for your phone as well. Be sure that you have in that checklist an item to carry with you the most important documentation, and always warn some people about the place where you will be staying.

Your safety and your family’s come first. Do not stop planning, doing things at the last minute can be dangerous.

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Hurricane season? Simple tips for you to assemble your survival kit

Simple tips for you to assemble your survival kit.

Keeping yourself prepared for a hurricane can save you and your family from very turbulent moments. In the 4 simple steps to get yourself ready for a hurricane article, we spoke a bit about that. Now, we will deal specifically with a couple of things already covered in the aforementioned article. On this one, we will thoroughly talk about how to assemble a survival kit against hurricanes.

To assemble a survival kit, taking into consideration that you are going to use it for, at least, 3 days. In the meantime, it is always positive to have enough to go beyond the minimum. Let’s cover a basic kit, and then some useful measures in relation to essential items: water and food. Check those out and get yourself ready.

Basic Survival Kit:

– Bottled water. You need a gallon a day per person, since it will be used, besides for drinking purposes, for hygiene and, perhaps, to cook;
– Non-perishable food; And it is recommended to consume or even dispose of all perishable food before the rain starts to pour, since without electricity it can become a health hazard;
– Local map;
– Some cell/battery powered flashlights;
– Wood and electrical tape to protect your windows;
– Different kinds of cells and batteries;
– Cell powered radio;
– First-aid kit and essential medicine. If you or anyone in your family needs some sort of medicine, it is always positive to have a stock of it for those occurrences;
– Equipment for babies (if you have them, of course);
– Glowing sticks (safer than candles);
– Sun filter and insect repellent;
– Entertainment games;
– Food and water for pets, cages, blankets and toys for them;
– Blankets and clothes for all (including rain clothing).

Water to drink and for hygiene

In the case of a natural disaster, you may end up without some basic utilities, such as water supply. Thus, keeping water stored might be vital for your safety. To do so, use containers which are hard to get damaged, or even those plastic bottles of milk. Make sure that they are absolutely clean, and then store drinking water.
Besides that, you will need water for personal hygiene and to cook. These containers are still very useful for it. But remember, they have to be completely sealed, and change the water once a year, at most.

Tip: Have some water purification tables with you.

As we have already mentioned, keep a gallon of water a day per person, and consider a minimum period of 3 days. And before you do your calculations to know how much water will need to be stored, do not forget the pets, if you have them.

Non-perishable Food
Considering the chance of having issues with power supply, it is extremely important to possess a stock of non-perishable food.

However, the non-perishable should be the next 3 days, at least. Hence, you will be able to keep some fruits and even some greenery. Besides bread, food for children, such as cereals, cookies, etc.
It is very important that you have disposable cutlery and plates, because it is not a good idea to waste water doing the dishes.

Tip: those portable stoves for camping (which do not need your home’s power) can be useful to increase your food’s selection.

Do not forget as well to have a supply of bin bags and try to store ice if possible.

Besides this we are mentioning, nobody actually knows your demands and your family’s better than you. As for your starting point, use what we have told you and adapt it for your family.

3 essencial things to know about hurricanes

3 essencial things that you need to know about hurricanes

Hurricanes are one of the most feared natural events, and they are the outcome of a series of atmospheric and geographic factors. Almost every time a region is hit by such phenomenon, the effects are quickly felt. Unfortunately, homes and natural areas get shattered and wiped out and, in some cases, several fatalities are registered.

See also: 4 simple steps to get yourself ready for a hurricane.

1. What is a hurricane?

According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, hurricanes, or tropical cyclones, are a rotating low-pressure atmospheric system. They form themselves over the ocean, and the wind speed exceeds 74 mph (when less than that, among 39 and 74 mph, the phenomenon is considered a tropical storm). Furthermore, its diameter encompasses hundreds of miles.

It is often formed in the Atlantic Ocean, in the Caribbean region, in the Gulf of Mexico and in the eastern part of the North Pacific Ocean. It happens as well in the center of the North Pacific Ocean, albeit less frequently.

2. How are they formed?

Hurricanes are formed, as we have previously said, over oceanic regions. They appear when the oceanic waters get warmer, with temperatures equal or higher than 80 Fahrenheit or 27 Celsius. With those temperatures there is a high evaporation rate. Thus, with the production of a large amount of humidity, which is then converted into air masses, hurricanes are born.

At the spot where water evaporates, air pressure is lower when compared to its surroundings. This causes the air to move from the areas where the pressure is higher to the hurricane’s center. This air movement always presents itself in a circular shape. In the northern hemisphere it rotates clockwise and anticlockwise in the southern hemisphere. Such phenomenon is attributed to Coriolis Effect, which manifests itself thanks to the Earth’s rotation.

The center of the storm is called the hurricane’s eye, which has something around 15 miles in diameter. That area is very hot, there are no clouds and no rain in it. Through it, water keeps evaporating, feeding the hurricane.

The hurricane begins to dissipate usually when it reaches dry land regions. In these places, which have a cooler surface, thus capable of stopping the constant evaporation of water, the hurricane loses its strength. However, it will still cause serious damage.

3. What are the categories of hurricanes?

Hurricanes with unremitting winds of 75 mph or more were classified by Herbert Saffir and Robert Simpson, in the beginning of the 70s. They developed the Saffir-Simpson Wind Scale as a measure of intensity of a hurricane. It is a 1 to 5 rating, with 5 being the most devastating. Let’s check the classification:

Category 1

Hurricane winds 74-95 mph

The potential damage from a hurricane comprised in this category is the lowest, not causing any damage related to falling trees, nor is it capable of affecting building structures. Its main consequence happens in coastal regions, where there is a higher chance of a small flood occurring.

Category 2

Hurricane winds 96-110 mph

The potential damage is related to the destruction of windows, doors and roofs. Trees can be uprooted due to the force of the winds. Besides causing damage to agriculture and boats which are anchored along the coastline. There is a chance of flooding in coastal areas.

Category 3

Hurricane winds 111-130 mph

It can cause structural damage to small buildings and homes, shattering constructions made of wood. Floods near the coast destroy small structures and damage the bigger ones, besides causing flooding of land as well.

Category 4

Hurricane winds 131-155 mph

They can cause serious havoc in populated areas, with houses and buildings at risk of being toppled by the winds. Torrential rains cause flooding in enormous areas of land, causing major flooding. Hence, there is the need to carry out a large-scale evacuation of all those who live in the regions which will be hit by the hurricane.

Category 5

Hurricane winds 156 mph and up

Hurricanes of this type are deemed as “rare” bay meteorologists, as they can destroy all that stands in their way. Coastal areas can be flooded up to ten kilometers, with the collapse of power and health facilities. The evacuation of all those who live near the coast is mandatory.

As we have already said in this article, being alert is vital. Sign up here for our newsletter, and we will always keep you updated on any incidence of hurricanes of this type in your region.

4 simple steps to get yourself ready for a hurricane

Being prepared for a possible hurricane or for other severe weather hazards can be easier than what you think. And it can help you or even save you from very complicated situations as well.

This small article works as a simple guide, however, it can be very helpful to you.

1. Keep yourself informed.

Most of the times, being the last to know is not positive. Thus, just mentioning the basics, try not to spend too much time without seeing the news on TV, radio or internet. Besides that, try to follow some discussion groups on the subject. On Facebook, it is possible to find several of those, where, with a single like, you can get notifications with relevant information. You can also receive important weather updates in your inbox by signing up here. Remember, acquiring information about the enemy is the most important tactic to face it.

2. Survival kit

Having a survival kit in your home can really make a huge difference for you and your family. A hurricane can make you a prisoner inside your own house throughout several days. In addition, service disruptions in public utilities can happen, such as water and energy supply. So, carry out your own checklist, enlisting the things which you’ll need. Here we will show you a basic kit (for a more exhaustive kit click here):

– Water. This is the quintessential one. One gallon per person per day is the recommended amount, considering that water is useful not only to drink, but also for cooking and personal hygiene. The most “prepared ones” keep enough water for two weeks. If not, have enough for at least 3 to 5 days;

– Food. Give preference to foods that do not require a cooling system (remember that a power outage can occur). They need to be easy to cook and they need to have a simple preparation. Consider an amount that is sufficient for the same period of time which we have mentioned for water;

– First aid kit. This is vital and not only for hurricanes;

– Flashlights and extra batteries;

– Essential medicines;

– Mosquito repellent;

– Fire extinguishers;

– Plastic bags for waste;

– Disposable plates and cutlery.

– Games, toys and books. You can turn a moment of boredom into a fun family time or into a moment of personal reflection.

This is a basic kit, but each individual or family faces specific situations. For families who have babies, please take into account specific materials that this little person may need. For those with pets, the same advice should apply. Anyway, try to consider things in accordance with your main needs.

3. Protect your home.

In order to protect your home, first check its vulnerable points. Walk around it, see its doors, windows, the garage door, the roof, the pool, check them to see if everything is properly protected. If you have trees, spend a weekend cutting its weakest branches. Never leave any loose object right next to your home, as it can turn against you rather quickly.

Give special attention to doors and windows, as they are often the most sensitive parts of the house. If there is any breach through which the wind can run straight into your home during a hurricane, the pressure can cause serious damage to your ceiling, as we have already mentioned in this article.
Hurricane shutters are the ideal means to protect your doors and windows, but, however, some people prefer to install plywood. If that’s your case, make sure it has a minimum thickness of 5/8 inches. If you want to install hurricane shutters, check this small guide.

See also: How hurricane shutters can help you to get a home insurance discount.

4. Have an evacuation plan

Unfortunately, we may have to go through certain situations where we have to leave our homes. Therefore, having a proper plan is always positive, and so is to analyze all the available shelters near you. Spare clothes and bedding for that moment. Turn off the power and close the main water and gas valves. Try to leave your home as secure as possible (by doing the things enlisted in item 3). Prepare a good meal, and go to the shelter as soon as possible, preferably during the day. Tell the people you know the shelter you are going to. In addition to this, it is always good to carry emergency supplies with you as well, with most of those already being part of the survival kit that we have mentioned earlier.

The hurricane season has started in June, so, if you do not have a plan, and you are not prepared for it, do not lose any more time. That can make a crucial difference for you and your family.